Texas’ or Texas’s? A Guide to Possessive Forms


In the realm of grammar, the possessive form can sometimes be a source of confusion, especially when it comes to proper nouns like place names. A question often debated is whether to use Texas’ or Texas’s when indicating possession. In this article, we’ll delve into the intricacies of possessive forms, focusing particularly on the case of Texas, and provide clarity on when to use each form.

Understanding Possessive Forms

Before diving into the specifics of Texas, let’s grasp the fundamentals of possessive forms. A possessive indicates ownership or association between two nouns. In English, we typically form possessives by adding an apostrophe (‘) and an s to the end of a singular noun or just an apostrophe after plural nouns ending in s.

Singular Possessive Forms

When a singular noun owns or is associated with something, we typically add ’s to the noun.

  • Example: The dog’s bone – indicates that the bone belongs to the dog.

Plural Possessive Forms

For plural nouns, particularly those ending in s, we generally just add an apostrophe after the s.

  • Example: The teachers’ lounge – suggests that the lounge is for the teachers.

Read More: Understanding Possessive Forms in English: Witness’ or Witness’s?

The Texas Dilemma

Now, let’s shift our focus to the state of Texas. When it comes to indicating possession with Texas, both Texas’ and Texas’s are used, and the choice can depend on various factors, including style guides, personal preference, and context.


Texas’ is the traditional possessive form used for Texas. This form follows the general rule for forming possessives with singular nouns ending in s. It involves simply adding an apostrophe after the s.

  • Example: Texas’ economy – denotes that the economy belongs to Texas.


Texas’s is a less common but still accepted alternative possessive form. It follows the general rule for forming possessives with singular nouns not ending in s, where we add ’s to the noun.

  • Example: Texas’s population – shows that the population relates to Texas.

Scenario Examples

To illustrate the usage of Texas’ and Texas’s, let’s consider various scenarios.


  1. Official Documents:
    • The Texas’ governor’s mansion – refers to the mansion belonging to the governor of Texas.
    • Texas’s capital – indicates the capital city that belongs to Texas.


  1. Economic Indicators:
    • Texas’ GDP – signifies the Gross Domestic Product associated with Texas.
    • The Texas’s oil industry – highlights the oil industry connected to Texas.

Geographic Features

  1. Natural Landmarks:
    • Texas’ rivers – denotes rivers located within the geographical boundaries of Texas.
    • The Texas’s coastline – emphasizes the coastline along the Texas shores.


  1. Infrastructure:
    • Texas’ highways – suggests highways that are owned or maintained by the state of Texas.
    • The Texas’s airports – indicates airports situated within the state of Texas.

Expressing Origin

  1. Cultural References:
    • Texas’ barbecue tradition – reflects the barbecue culture originating from Texas.
    • The Texas’s music scene – portrays the diverse music culture associated with Texas.


In the debate between Texas’ and Texas’s, both forms are grammatically correct and widely accepted. The choice ultimately boils down to personal preference, style guidelines, and contextual considerations. Whether you opt for the traditional Texas’ or the alternative Texas’s, ensuring consistency within your writing is key. By understanding the nuances of possessive forms, particularly in the case of proper nouns like Texas, you can navigate the intricacies of English grammar with confidence.

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